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Chemical Found in Plastic May Put Kids at Risk of Kidney and Heart Disease

Bisphenol A, better known as BPA, was recently banned in baby bottles but the FDA stopped short of completely nixing the chemical.

A common chemical found in the lining of water bottles, aluminum cans and other food packaging may put children at risk of developing kidney and heart disease, according to a study from the NYU School of Medicine.

Researchers analyzed data on more than 700 children, focusing on the amount of Bisphenol A, better known as BPA, in their urine.

“The people who have been exposed to high levels of BPA in their urine are showing that they’re also leaking proteins,” said Dr. Matthew Budoff, cardiologist at Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute. “And when you start leaking proteins from your kidney, you start building kidney damage.”

As the kidney becomes compromised, so do the blood vessels and the heart. That can lead to an increased risk of developing heart disease in the future.

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Study Succeeds in Cutting Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing by Pediatricians

A study involving one of the nation's largest networks of pediatric practices was able to nearly halve the inappropriate use of antibiotics through quarterly monitoring and feedback of the physicians' prescribing patterns.

 

The research, which is being presented at IDWeek, is one of the first to look at an antimicrobial stewardship intervention in the outpatient setting.

Although efforts to cut the overuse of antibiotics have made headway in hospitals, the majority of prescriptions are written by community-based clinicians -- often for pediatric patients with common ailments. "If you really want to impact antibiotic use, you have to do it with outpatient prescribing," said lead researcher Jeffrey Gerber, MD, an assistant professor of pediatrics at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. "Our message is that targeting common conditions and intervening in the outpatient setting is doable."

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Few Teens Undergo Pregnancy Testing in Emergency Department

Pregnancy Testing Rates Among Adolescent Emergency Department Patients

 

Few adolescent females undergo pregnancy testing in the hospital emergency department (ED), even when they complain of lower abdominal pain, or before they are exposed to radiation for tests or examinations, according to an abstract presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference and Exhibition in New Orleans.

In the abstract, "Pregnancy Testing Rates Among Adolescent Emergency Department Patients," researchers reviewed National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data from 2000 to 2009 on female patients aged 14 to 21 who were examined in a hospital ED.

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