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Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) Provide the Most Effective Emergency Contraception

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) should be used routinely to provide emergency contraception, according to the authors of the first systematic review of all available data from the past 35 years.


They found that IUDs had a failure rate of less than one per thousand and were a more effective form of emergency contraception than the “morning after pill”. In addition, IUDs continued to protect women from unwanted pregnancy for many more years if they were left in place.

The research, which is published online in Europe’s leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction [1] today (Wednesday), analysed data from 42 studies carried out in six countries [2] between 1979 and 2011 and published in English or Chinese. IUD use in China is the highest in the world with 43% of women using them for contraception compared with 13% in the rest of the world, according to a 2006 report. The studies included eight different types of IUDs and 7034 women.

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Babies Born After Three or More Abortions Have Increased Risk of Prematurity and Low Birth Weight

Health professionals should be informed about the potential risks of repeat abortions


One of the largest studies to look at the effect of induced abortions on a subsequent first birth has found that women who have had three or more abortions have a higher risk of some adverse birth outcomes, such as delivering a baby prematurely and with a low birth weight.

The research, which is published online in Europe’s leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction [1] today (Thursday), found that among 300,858 Finnish mothers, 31,083 (10.3%) had had one induced abortion between 1996-2008, 4,417 (1.5%) had two, and 942 (0.3%) had three or more induced abortions before a first birth (excluding twins and triplets).

Those who had had three or more induced abortions had a small, but statistically significant increased risk of having a baby with very low birth weight (less than 1500g), low birth weight (less than 2500g), or of a preterm birth (before 37 weeks), or very preterm birth (before 28 weeks), compared to women who had had no abortions. There was a slightly increased risk of a very preterm birth for women who had had two induced abortions.

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Fast Facts About Areola Reduction

Areola Reduction, a fairly common procedure in the cosmetic world


What is an Areola?

Areola is different from nipples. The areola is the dark and pigmented skin around your nipples. These patch of skin may come in all shapes and sizes just like your breasts. But then many women tend to have theirs operated on because at some point it may become puffy, enlarged and stands out too much.

The process of reducing it is called Areola Reduction, a fairly common procedure in the cosmetic world. The enlargement of the areola may be due to the following causes:

  • Pregnancy
  • Breast feeding
  • Breasts sagging
  • Weight gain
  • Genetics

During pregnancy, breast size may change. After giving birth, the breast feeding process will further have an effect in your breasts and areolas. To add to that, your genetic makeup is another factor. Areola tends to be puffy and enlarged after a long time of breast feeding. That is why many women are hoping to reduce aerola through surgeries.

Who can be a Candidate for Areola Reduction?

Most often, women who had given birth and have enlarged areola are the candidates for the procedure. Also women who have a disproportionate breasts and areola can be accommodated for the procedure too. As long as the doctor will say otherwise, then you can go on and undergo the procedure.

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